0w20 vs 5w20 Motor Oil

In the current technological era, a customer’s motor engine durability varies greatly depending on the type of motor oil used. Motor oils are valuable commodities to any vehicle owner globally. They facilitate the running and daily operations of machines. The usage of motor oils types is dependent on the type of weather pattern evident in an area plus a vehicle type. Clients, therefore, are required to learn much about the different types of motor oils. It is also fundamental to consult the manufactures in case of engine lubrication failures for the best advice (Tormos, 2019).

Many ask whether switching motor oils affects engine performance and durability. The truth is that alternating oils do not affect, but it is important to follow manufacturers’ recommendations for better performance. Every oil type is affected by climate change. One should consider switching oils when adjusting to temperature variations. Some oil types work best in cold temperatures while others work best in hot weather. Other than the fluid flow characteristic, it is fundamental to learn if the oil is a convention oil, synthetic, or if the oil has additives. Therefore, it is crucial to know that learning much about the various oil types is the ultimate method of providing care to an engine.

Ensuring the permanence of an engine requires car owners to know when to replace or add oil to an automotive. On most occasions, vehicle owners often take their vehicles to motor oil centers to be replaced. In my opinion, every car owner should have a basic knowledge of their engines since most mechanics will not be available in emergencies or urgencies.0w20 and 5w20 motor oils have similarities as well as differences. The viscosity, detergent, fuel economy, price differences, and temperature range efficiency differs in the above motor oils, as discussed below.

5w20 motor oil

5w20 motor oil is one of the frequently used oil types in technology. This is because of its adjustability as it covers a range of normally preferred temperatures. Many vehicle varieties across the world, including passenger vehicles, private, trucks, and SUVs, often recommend the usage of 5w20 motor oils. Its oil thinness allows it to move locomotives at given temperatures easily.

Types of 5w20 motor oils

According to Moody (2019), there are seven best 5w20 motor oil types, as discussed below.

a). Valvoline MaxLife 782253

often used for high mileage vehicles probably with those of 75,000 miles as indicated in their odometers; hence low mileage vehicles are disadvantaged. Valvoline oils have a combination of synthetic and mineral oils, making it best for the market. It has additives such as anti-oxidants and detergents that ensure that engines are hygienic regularly with minimum breakdown. The presence of conditioners in the additives ensures that old vehicles are reinstated useful machines.

b). Castrol 03083

it is a 5w20 oil type with full synthetic modified formula and no additives present. The synthetic content enables machines to run effectively without break downs. It is a rich fluid with titanium technology that enables the engines to move efficiently at all pressures. It is much costly compared to the other oils due to the 100% presence of synthetic content.

c). Mobile 1 120763

it is categorized by full synthetic, which is advanced. The additives present prevents engines from wearing off, and the detergents often make the equipment clean. It is best suited for new vehicles with less than 75,000 odometers; thus, one has an option to change fuel when the car gets old. It saves much on the fuel budget as it reduces friction on running machines.

d). Castrol Edge 03086​

it has the best and unique full synthetic value that ensures the quality performance of engines, which is up to 200,000 miles. Its fluid is of titanium technology, thus enabling it to work under various pressure variables.

e). Valvoline 787023

it is a full synthetic oil considered as best for all vehicles, including those with high-performance levels. The additives such as detergents have unique formations such as that prevents the formation of sludge and deposits. The oil is suitably designed for both cold and hot temperatures.

f). Royal Purple 36520-6PK

it is characterized as a full synthetic oil. Oils vary in classifications due to the car’s modifications. These oils are suited best to modified vehicles with no warranty, especially those used for races. It has zinc, phosphorous, and synergetic technology, which ensures that engines perform best with minimum wearing out.

g). Pennzoil 550038330

it is a fully synthetic oil that uniquely utilizes natural gas to make synthetic oil with fewer impurities as opposed to those made from crude oil. Motors using this oil often achieve maximum protection and can work best at extreme and low temperatures without being mechanically affected. Despite the maximum protection from the oil, it lacks additives that support high mileage motors.

0w20 motor oils

‘w’ represents winter in this oil type, while 0 is the ability of oils to flow under extremely low temperatures. 20 represents oil flow under hot temperatures. There are seven types of 0w20 motor oils, as explained below (Moody, 2019).

Types of 0w20 motor oils

a). Valvoline VV916

it is one of the best 0w20 oils with full synthetic content that ensures efficient general performance. The oil works best at low and high temperatures and is suitable for all mileage vehicles. It ensures that car owners save on fuel due to its full synthetic value. Additives are efficient for anti-wear and cleaning.

b). Castrol 03124 EDGE

it is one oil type with the best pricing yet fully synthetic. The present lubrication ensures that vehicles are well maintained with no wears; hence machines move easily at all mileage. Many manufacturers often advise individuals to use this oil type due to its ideal low viscosity value.

c). Liquimoly 2208

most motor engine gas from Japan and America often recommend this oil type. Despite the fact it is best suited for Honda vehicles, it is not limited to specific oil type. This means that any brand of vehicles can use oil. The formulations present in oil ensures that they last longer with great performance in engines.

d). Idemitsu 20102-042B

it is a perfect oil for cleaning engines. Unlike others, it results in less sooth in the gasoline pipes hence regarded as the best gas with fewer carbon emissions. It is compatible with a variety of engine types.

e). Royal Purple 01020-6PK

despite the high cost, this oil type is ideal for any engine. Most manufacturers of Toyota often use oil. The ability to maintain lubrication at different temperatures proves that the oil is good. The vehicle protection is guaranteed from the heavy build formula.

f). Pennzoil 550046122-3PK

it is easily available with the best price among the oils. It has an ergonomic can that easy to carry around easily, more comfortably when refilling the vehicle. It has synthetic content to protect the engines.

g). MAG 1 20139

it has high viscosity; thus, vehicles can run efficiently in high and low temperatures without wearing. It is 100% pure synthetic with perfect lubrication for motors. The technology used in production ensures the best quality. This ensures car batteries last longer, and the engine efficiency is boosted.

Differences between 0w20 and 5w20 oils


Viscosity in oils refers to the ability of fluids to flow at a given temperature. Thicker oils are best suited for hotter temperatures while thin oils work best in cold temperatures due to the low viscosity with the easy pour. ‘w’ denotes weight at low temperatures; hence the lesser the figure, the less the viscosity. This means 0w20 is thinner compared to 5w20 as five is thicker when compared to 0.


Detergents are additives used by manufacturers to enhance the efficiency of engines during locomotion. They are normally used for cleaning engines when deposits form on crucial motor parts during movement. Detergents are important in minimizing corrosion and rust formations in engines. 5w20 has both synthetic and conventional oil, while 0w20 contains only synthetic oil.

Fuel Economy

5w20 is good, while 0w20 is efficient and best in the market. Ow20 is termed as best because it works best under extreme temperatures, unlike 5w20, which is suitable for the moderate temperature. The fuel economy of oil is determined by the type of engine, age of the motor, and also the ability of the oil to work efficiently under different temperatures (Tormos, 2019).

Temperature range

5w20 is suited for extreme winter and summer, while 0w20 is best in warm winter and summer.

Role of climate and weather in engine oil type

The viscosity of the oil is determined by the number before ‘w.’ The higher the number, the thicker the oil hence thick viscosity. Ow20 works efficiently in extremely low temperatures and hot weather. It has a thinner oil compared to 5w20 oil, meaning that when under extremely high temperatures, the oil breaks down; thus, the oils may not be efficient in extreme summer.


Oils help in ensuring the efficiency of motors during movement in terms of protection from wearing out. Motor owners play a vital role in determining the durability of their engines with respect to the type of oils they use. Before deciding on the type of oil to use, it is fundamental to know the various types of motor oils, compatibility, and the additives present. 0w20 and 5w20 are current ideal oils for vehicles in hot and cold areas. Their differences vary in their efficiency to work best under extremely high temperatures.


Tormos, B., Pla, B., Bastidas, S., Ramírez, L., & Pérez, T. (2019). Fuel economy optimization from the interaction between engine oil and driving conditions. Tribology International, 138, 263-270.

Moody, G., Eastwood, J., & Ueno, K. (2019). The performance and mechanisms of organic polymeric friction modifiers in low viscosity engine oils (No. 2019-01-2204). SAE Technical Paper.