There are several factors that influence the choice of motor oil to use between the synthetic and conventional motor oil. Such factors include;
- External factors e.g. the climatic conditions, the age of the engine, the driving practices
- Internal factors e.g. vehicle engine type, specifications of the manufacturer.
This article guides on how to choose between the four major types of motor oil outlined below
Premium conventional oil
Premium conventional oil is a type of motor oil that is derived directly from the crude oil. It is commonly used in new cars. Premium conventional oil is changed at least twice in year and occurs in different viscosity level.it offer various advantages over the synthetic oil as described below
- Low cost – conventional oils are much cheaper than the synthetic oils. The process of extraction oil from petroleum is much cheaper than the process of synthesizing the oil hence the cost difference.
- Applicable for older engines – conventional oil works will with older cars since they are able to utilize the unique advantages of conventional oil.
- Suits well with upgraded cars – conventional oil is the best option when one has a habit of upgrading their car every year. This is because new cars need a break-in period of about 5000 miles before upgrading to synthetic oil which is not possible with regular car upgrading
Full synthetic oil
Full synthetic motor oil is suitable for vehicles that requires high level lubrication and maximum level performance. It possesses various favorable characteristic such as great resistance to thermal breakdown as well as oxidation. synthetic oil also prevents oil sludge and enhances fuel efficiency by reducing the engine drag.
It is the best type of oil for use in a climate characterized by very cold winters and extremely hot summers. It is also favorable for towing and hauling vehicles. The use of synthetic oil could also inhibit development of sludge deposit in older engines. However, synthetic oil costs about two to four times as compared to the cost of the regular oil.
Full synthetic offers various advantages such as;
- Improved lubrication – synthetic oil contains added lubricants that enhances its ability to slick engine parts at higher temperatures. This helps to minimize wear and increases the life of the engine.
- Better stability – synthetic oils are capable of maintaining their viscosity over longer periods even at higher temperature. higher oil viscosity helps to prevent engine wear by allowing the oil to stick to the parts of the engine more readily. It also inhibits dry starts which occur when the car sits for longer periods of time.
- Reduced breakdown – they are less susceptible to thermal breakdown hence they do not require regular changes
- Fewer deposits – due to their great thermal resistance, conventional oil result in minimal deposits on the components of the engine
Synthetic blend oil
Synthetic blend oil combines the characteristics of synthetic and conventional oil types since it is a mixture of both oil types. It offers the best oxidation resistance and low temperature properties. when low cost of oil is a selection criterion, then the synthetic blend is the best choice since it is available at much lower prices. It has become very popular among the savviest drivers since it enables switching from conventional to synthetic oil. It offers a better performance as compared to synthetic oil. It offers the following benefits that can help improve the engine performance and extend the life of an engine.
- Start-up protection – synthetic oil provides much higher protection than conventional oil in cold weather since it maintains a quicker flow even in cold climates.
- Improved wear protection -they offer better wear protection as compared to conventional oil since they it is able to withstand higher temperature, resist breakdown and maintain a steady flow over a range of temperature.
- Increased oil life – synthetic blend oil lasts longer than conventional oil but their wear protection life is shorter than that of full synthetic oil
High mileage oil
High mileage is essentially suitable for high mileage cars designed for about 70,000 miles. It offers several added advantages which include;
- reduced oil consumption-since high mileage oils results in reduced seepage even in the older valve guide seals, the overall consumption is significantly reduced.
- minimized oil leakage and seepage-they contain additives and seals enhancers that reduce both internal and external leaks. This further reduces oil spots in the drive way
- It also minimizes the smoke and other type of engine emissions.